Do you have a toothache?
Does the simple thought of a dentist causes you fear? Modern dentistry is aimed at preserving the patient’s own teeth. But when different treatments do not produce the desired result and there is pain, swelling and inflammation – in this case, the dentist recommends extraction.
You need tooth extraction in following situations:
- Teeth with chronic infections or cysts, especially when complicated with maxillary sinusitis, neuralgia;
- Inability to save the damaged or broken tooth;
- Chronic progressive periodontal disease, when teeth become very mobile.
- Improper positioning of the teeth when malpositioned or rotated teeth damage the soft tissue of the cheek.
- Supernumerary and impacted teeth which cause pain and inflammation;
- Tumors of the jaw;
- During orthodontic treatment (braces or prosthesis)
Contraindications to the removal of a tooth can be a poor blood clotting, recent myocardial infarction, hypertensive crisis, infectious disease, and pregnancy.
First of all, since tooth extraction is painful procedure, the dentist injects local anaesthetic. Sometimes very fearful patients or children may opt for conscious sedation or even general anaesthesia. Only after the tooth is completely numb, dentist starts process of extraction.
Types of extraction.
There are two types of extraction: simple and surgical.
Simple extraction is when the crown of the tooth or roots are clearly visible and can be grasped with forceps.. In some cases a dentist has to cut a tooth in several pieces and every part will be removed separately.
A surgical extraction is performed when an access to the tooth is obstructed with soft tissues or bone, or tooth is not completely erupted. The surgeon has to open a soft tissue flap and to remove bone around the tooth and the tooth itself.
What should I do after a tooth extraction?
After the painful procedure is over, do not immediately jump from dental chair and run home. It is important to ensure that there is no bleeding. Just wait until the blood thickens and forms blood clot in the jaw, so called “ thick plug” that covers a fresh wound. Before you leave, the dentist will give you a list procedures for postoperative oral care and prescribe the necessary medication. Follow all recommendations suggested by the doctor. After tooth extraction it is important to refrain from sudden movements for approximately two hours. Don’t explore extraction site with your hands or tongue. Avoid chewing gum, candies or tablets, since these actions may provoke or exacerbate bleeding. It is extremely important to follow up and schedule post-op examination.
Most patients prefer to restore the extracted teeth with implants or crowns. In our clinic we have not only high-tech equipment, but also experienced doctors which allow the procedure of teeth restorations smoothly follow tooth extraction. We are happy to help you get rid of the pain and make your life more comfortable!